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Dr. Nehad Ibrahim : (0)1302 730300 Dr. Nehad Ibrahim - Consultant Rheumatologist
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Diseases and Conditions

Disease-Specific Information

Disease or Condition Language
Antiphospholipid Syndrome English

Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (antiphospholipid syndrome, APS) is a recently identified autoimmune disease present in mostly a young female population. For these individuals, proteins called anti-phospholipid autoantibodies in the blood can cause blood to flow improperly, leading to dangerous clotting in arteries and veins, and/or pregnancy miscarriage and fetal complications.

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome English

Carpal tunnel - a syndrome name so well known that nearly everyone has heard of it. Unfortunately, given this widespread familiarity, people often attribute any discomfort or pain in the hand or wrist to carpal tunnel syndrome. Carpal tunnel syndrome is quite common, affecting 4 to 10 million Americans, and usually very treatable. However, there are many other conditions which can cause similar complaints. It is important to know the difference.

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Fibromyalgia English

Fibromyalgia is an often misunderstood-even unrecognized-disorder that causes widespread muscle pain and tenderness which tends to come and go and move about the body. This common and chronic condition typically is associated with fatigue and sleep disturbances.

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Gout English

Gout is sometimes referred to as the "disease of kings" because it long has been associated incorrectly with the kind of overindulgence in food and wine only the rich and powerful could afford. In fact, anyone can be affected, and the risk factors are varied. Fortunately, it is possible to treat gout and reduce its agonizing attacks by avoiding food triggers and taking advantage of medication options.

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Lupus English

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, usually referred to as SLE or lupus, is sometimes labeled the "great imitator." Why? Because of its wide variety of symptoms, it can often be confused with other disorders. Lupus, which affects the joints, kidneys, and skin, can be fatal. However, there is much reason for hope. Improvements in therapy have significantly increased these patients' quality of life and their life expectancy.

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Osteoarthritis English

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a slowly progressive joint disease typically seen in middle-age to elderly people. It occurs when the joint cartilage breaks down, causing the underlying bone to fail.

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Osteoporosis English

Osteoporosis is a common bone disease that affects both men and women, usually as they grow older. Fortunately, you can take steps to reduce your risk of developing osteoporosis and avoid the often-debilitating bone fractures that can result from this disease. If you already have osteoporosis, new medications are available to slow or even stop its progression.

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Paget’s Disease English

Paget's disease of bone is an unusual, chronic bone condition that occurs in only about 1% of people in the United States and slightly more often in men than in women (3 to 2).

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Polymyalgia Rheumatica English

Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a relatively common cause of widespread aching and stiffness in older adults. It can be difficult to diagnose because it rarely causes swollen joints or other abnormalities on physical exam. It may occur with another condition, giant cell arteritis.

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Pseudogout English

Pseudogout may be one of the most misunderstood forms of arthritis, often mistaken for gout and other conditions. Proper diagnosis is important, though, because untreated pseudogout may lead to a severe form of joint degeneration and on-going inflammation, resulting in chronic disability. Some treatment options do exist, but are less targeted than those for gout.

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Psoriatic Arthritis English

Psoriatic arthritis is a type of arthritic inflammation that occurs in about 15 percent of patients who have a skin rash called psoriasis. This particular arthritis can affect any joint within the body, with symptoms that vary from person to person. Research has shown that persistent inflammation from psoriatic arthritis can lead to joint damage. Fortunately, available treatments are effective for most people.

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Reactive Arthritis English

Reactive Arthritis is a form of arthritis that develops in reaction to an infectious agent, such as bacteria, usually in the bowel or genital areas. Those developing the illness experience pain, swelling and stiffness, usually in larger joints, particularly the lower limbs, as well as the spine and ligaments.

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Rheumatoid Arthritis English

While rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has long been feared as one of the most disabling types of arthritis, the outlook has dramatically improved for many newly diagnosed patients. Certainly RA remains a serious disease, and one that can vary widely in symptoms and outcomes.

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Scleroderma English

Scleroderma, or systemic sclerosis, is a disease affecting the skin and other organs that is one of the autoimmune rheumatic diseases. The primary finding in scleroderma is thickening and tightening of the skin. Effective treatments are available for some forms of the disease, although, scleroderma is not yet curable.

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Sjögren's Syndrome English

In the early 20th century, Swedish physician Henrik Sjögren (SHOW-gren) first described a group of women whose chronic arthritis was accompanied by dry eyes and dry mouth. Today rheumatologists know more about the syndrome that is named for Sjögren and most significantly for patients can provide advice about how to live with it.

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Vasculitis English

Vasculitis refers to inflammation of blood vessels. There are multiple types of vasculitis. Most types of vasculitis are rare and the causes are generally unknown. Vasculitis can affect persons of both sexes and a broad range of ages from children to older adults.

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Additional Topics of Note

Disease or Condition Language
Back Pain English

"Oh my aching back" can signal mechanical and, on occasion, even systemic illnesses that generate very real pain. In fact, back pain is associated with over 60 illnesses, and can result in serious disability and escalating medical bills. The good news is most individuals with low back pain improve within a week or two, and 90 percent of these episodes are resolved in eight weeks.

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Neck Pain English

Saying, "It's a pain in the neck," can signal overuse problems, most commonly with the structures of the cervical spine. Only in rare instances is neck pain a sign of a systemic illness. Although the pain may be severe, the good news is that most individuals with neck pain improve within 1-2 weeks, and the vast majority are over their episodes in 8-12 weeks.

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Sex and Arthritis English

Sexuality is an integral part of being human. It is linked to our quality of life and self-identity. Yet, living with the pain, stiffness, fatigue, limited movement, decreased strength and depression associated with arthritis can reduce our ability for sexual expression and enjoyment.

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Dr. Nehad Ibrahim : (0)1302 730300